The Nyaya on Meaning: A Commentary on Pandit Visvabandhu

J. L. Shaw

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Area: Philosophy of Language

Chapters

Preface
Word and Referent
An Individual, the Form of an Individual and the Class-Essence as Referents of a Word
The Referent of the Word “Sky” (Akasa)
The Referent of the Word “Dhenu” (Milch Cow)
The Referents of the Homonymous Word “Hari”
The Referent of the Word “Puspavat” (Flowery or Blooming)
The Referent of a Demonstrative Pronoun
The Referent of the Personal Pronoun “I”
The Referent of the Personal Pronoun “You”
The Referent of the Word “All”
The Referent of an Interrogative Pronoun
The Referent of the Word “One”
The Cognition of the Property of Being the Referent in a Supersensuous Referent such as “Sky” (or “Ether”)
There is No Property of Being the Referent in an Unreal Object Such as the “Hare’s Horn”
A Sentence Has No Reference

The Nyaya on Meaning is not only a commentary on Pandit Visvabandhu Tarkatirtha's article on "The Nyaya on the Meaning of Some Words" but also contains explanations which are indispensable for understanding the Navya-Nyaya tradition of Indian philosophy. It also covers a wide range of topics, such as the meaning of a noun, the meaning of a pronoun, the meaning of an interrogative pronoun, the meaning of the quantifier "all" and the meaning of a sentence.

Since some of the key concepts and technical terms have been explained in the light of contemporary philosophy, this book will be very useful to undergraduate and postgraduate students of philosophy as well as to professionals in this field. Moreover, these concepts and techniques may be used for solving some of the problems of Western philosophy of language.

Pandit Visvabandhu Tarkatirtha, one of the distinguished scholars of Indian philosophy, is not only well-versed in Navya-Nyaya, but also in Vedanta, especially the Advaita Vedanta. After having taught for more than fifty years at several universities and colleges he is now retured. A creative scholar and an authority on Navya-Nyaya, he has published several books and articles on Navya-Nyaya and Vedanta in Sanskrit as well as in Bengali.